Theft, section 322 of the Criminal Code, is intentionally taking property which belongs to someone else. There are two types of offences which are classified as theft. Theft under $5000, when the value of goods stolen is less than $5000, and theft over $5000, when the value of goods stolen is more than $5000.
If a theft is under, the prosecutor decides whether it is an indictable or summary offence. If it over, it is typically always treated as an indictable offence which can lead to upwards of 10 years jail time.
A summary conviction results in 6 months’ jail time and possible $2000 fine. However, even a summary offence results in a criminal record, so a proficient, knowledgeable lawyer is essential to help you with any theft charges. Robbery, section 343 of the Criminal Code, is the aggressive and direct theft of items from the owner. An example of this is mugging. If the robber were to approach someone with a knife and demand their belongings, the robber would be charged with armed robbery. Robbery is considered an indictable offence, with prior convictions increasing the length of the sentence.
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