Wrongful prosecution and conviction, also called a miscarriage of justice, occurs when a person has been found guilty of a crime they did not commit, and is later found to be innocent beyond a reasonable doubt. This is revealed sometimes by a confession from the actual offender, evidence that had been previously available but hadn’t been used appropriately at the time of the conviction, or by new evidence which had not been available at the time.
For some, it takes decades to overturn a wrongful conviction. Wrongful convictions can occur because of leading witnesses, false confessions, lack of, or tampering with, forensic data, etc. Legal errors are often dealt with through judicial reviews or appeals; following these processes, it is also possible to apply to the federal Minister of Justice to review the conviction.
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